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A.mohammadi,. M.Pakzad,. A.H. Moahhamdi,. A. Jahangiri, "Kinetics of (TBAF + CO2) semi-clathrate hydrate ,. formation in the presence and absence of SDS,. Petroleum Science,. 2018

 A.mohammadi,. M.Pakzad,. A.H. Moahhamdi,. A. Jahangiri, "Kinetics of (TBAF + CO2) semi-clathrate hydrate ,. formation in the presence and absence of SDS,. Petroleum Science,. 2018
 
Abstract
In this communication, the impacts of adding SDS (sodium dodecyl sulfate), TBAF (tetra-n-butylammonium fluoride) and the mixture of SDS + TBAF on the main kinetic parameters of CO2 hydrate formation (induction time, the quantity and rate of gas uptake, and storage capacity) were investigated. The tests were performed under stirring conditions at T = 5 °C and P = 3.8 MPa in a 169 cm batch reactor. The results show that adding SDS with a concentration of 400 ppm, TBAF with a concentration of 1–5 wt%, and the mixture of SDS + TBAF, would increase the storage capacity of CO2 hydrate and the quantity of gas uptake, and decrease the induction time of hydrate formation process. The addition of 5 wt% of TBAF and 400 ppm of SDS would increase the CO2 hydrate storage capacity by 86.1% and 81.6%, respectively, compared to pure water. Investigation of the impact of SDS, TBAF and their mixture on the rate of gas uptake indicates that the mixture of SDS + TBAF does not have a significant effect on the rate of gas uptake
/.during hydrate formation process.